Movement can be recorded in two ways. You can freeze a moving subject by using a fast shutter speed, or you can record a more indistinct, blurred image to give a different impression of the action.
Although this motorcyclist has been frozen in action, it appears as if he has stopped and is glancing through his mobile phone. Actually, he is zipping past at quite a speed but frozen at 1/500th sec
Panned at the shutter speed of 1/13th sec the Rickshaw does appear to be moving across at a fast speed due to the streaks in the background. The aperture had to be closed down to achieve a slower shutter speed in the bright sunlight. Alternatively one may use a neutral density filter to get a slower shutter speed with an open aperture. Also with Panning one should be careful not to let the camera move in the vertical direction and only in the direction of the subject's movement. with a little practice one gets the idea about the movement and the required shutter speed to get the right effect.
CREATING A GHOST IMAGE
To record blurred and frozen detail on the same frame, select an aperture and shutter speed combination (the recommended flash- synchronization speed or one slower) which would result in detail being recorded even if flash were not used. If, for example, you set an aperture of f11 and a shutter speed of 1/15 second, the flash would fire a burst of light lasting, say, 1/1000 second when you pressed the shutter release, but the subject would continue to move and be recorded on film for all of the 1/15 second exposure.
Lights should be set to isolate the subject from the background.
Ambient light levels must be kept high.
Subtle blurring of an image may be lost if background is well lit.
Try experimenting with different shutter speeds and exposures.